An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by A. Cornelius Benjamin

By A. Cornelius Benjamin

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Fols. 45r, sor. , fols. V-70V. 9 Covering fols. "Will, III, 225. 7 "'' That is, the eight, ninth, tenth and eleventh spheres. 222 Op. , fol. ior. , fol. i6v. , fol. 38V. , fol. 4ir. , p. 229: Primi mobilis et planetarum theoriae Plolemaicae collatae cum hypothesibus Copernici, ita tamen ut supposita Ptolemaica retineantur, 1588. 6o POST-COPERNICAN ASTRONOMY figure of the Copernican system appeared for the first time, while in his last lecture for 1613 he referred to a scrap of paper torn from a letter of Regiomontanus and once in the possession of Georg Hartmann, in which he said that it was necessary that the motion of the stars vary a little bit because of the motion of the earth.

In Sphaeram loannis de Sacro Bosco, 1577, I, 341. , II, 285. , I, 35161 La sfera del mondo, Lyon, 1582. I have not seen this edition, but it has been discussed, with a facsmile of the passage and diagram in question, by Grant McColley, "Francesco Giuntini and the Copernican Hypothesis," in Popular Astronomy, XLV (1937), 7073Professor McColley, perhaps by a misprint, gives the date of Giuntini's birth as 1522 rather than 1523. " What is denominated "Orbis deferens terre; lungque et regionis sublunaris" in the diagram includes only the region between the spheres of Mars and Venus.

Pp. 249-50. , p. 303. On the tendency to¬ wards excessive estimates of the height of mountains in early modern times see my "Measurement of Mountain Altitudes," his, I X (1927), 425-26, 1Ki| and Florian Cajori, "History of De¬ terminations of the Heights of Moun¬ tains," I sis, XII (1929), 482-514. """ Giov. Batt. Benedetti, Diversarum speculationum . • • , 1585: Epistolae, PP- 255-56- POST-COPERNICAN ASTRONOMY 51 as our earth. For, if the earth served as a center of the moon's greater epicycle, as Aristarchus and Copernicus thought, why should not Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus and Mercury revolve about other bodies similar to our globe?

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