An Application of the Quantum Theory of Band Spectra to the by Blackburn Ch. M.

By Blackburn Ch. M.

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Fabrication and characterization of single-electron transistors and traps,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B,Vol. 12, No. 6, 1994, pp. 3619-3622. [41] Likharev, K. , “SET: Coulomb Blockade Devices,” Nano et Micro Technologies,Vol. 3, No. 1-2, 2003, pp. 71-114. [42] Geerligs, L. , “Frequency-locked turnstile device for single electrons,” Phys. Rev. ,Vol. 64, No. 22, 1990, pp. 2691-2694. , “Single electron pump fabrication with ultrasmall normal tunnel junctions,” Physica B,Vol. 169, 1991, pp. 1598-574.

Furthermore, the magnetic field in the channel introduces a new type of spin relaxation mechanism [62] such that non-magnetic scatterers can flip spin. Research is being pursued on techniques for combining ferromagnetic metals and semiconductors [1]. 2 NANO-SCALE CROSSBARS CNTs and NWs can be made into a nano-scale crossbar structure that has been suggested as a promising candidate as a basic building block of nanoelectronics circuits [63] [10] [3] [21] [28] [64]. A nano-scale crossbar consists of two sets of parallel nano-scale wires, perpendicularly crossing each other.

11. The clock signal is applied to either push the electrons to the four corner dots or pull them into the two middle dots. When the electrons are in the middle dots, the cell is in the “null” state. When the electrons are in the four corner dots, the cell is in an active state. 1. 12. Two such molecules form a six-dot QCA cell [29]. 12 Tri-state Quantum-dot Molecule (From [32]. c 2003 IEEE. 13(a). The QCA circuit is partitioned into so-called clocking zones, such that all cells in a zone are controlled by the same clock signal.

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