An Annotated Timeline of Operations Research: An Informal by Saul I. Gass

By Saul I. Gass

An Annotated Timeline of Operations examine: a casual History recounts the evolution of Operations learn (OR) as a brand new technology - the technology of selection making. bobbing up from the pressing operational problems with global warfare II, the philosophy and technique of OR has permeated the answer of selection difficulties in company, undefined, and govt. The Timeline chronicles the historical past of OR within the type of self-contained, expository entries. every one access provides a concise rationalization of the occasions and folks less than dialogue, and gives key resources the place extra proper info might be acquired. moreover, books and papers that experience motivated the advance of OR or helped to coach the 1st generations of OR teachers and practitioners are brought up during the ebook. beginning in 1564 with seminal principles that shape the precursors of OR, the Timeline lines the major principles and occasions of OR via 2004.
The Timeline may still curiosity an individual focused on OR - researchers, practitioners, lecturers, and, in particular, scholars - who desire to learn the way OR got here into being. extra, the scope and expository variety of the Timeline should still make it of worth to the final reader drawn to the advance of technology and know-how within the final half the 20 th century.

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New York, 1911; Cheaper by the Dozen, F. B. , E. Gilbreth Carey, Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1949; Motion and Time Study: Design and Measurement of Work, 6th edition, R. M. Barnes, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1968; Executive Decisions and Operations Research, D. W. Miller, M. K. Starr, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1969; The Frank Gilbreth Centennial, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, 1969; Work Study, J. A. Larkin, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969] 21 Bricks and baseball: In his brick laying motion study, Frank Gilbreth invented an adjustable scaffold and reduced the motions per brick from 18 to 5, with the bricklaying rate increasing from 120 to 350 per hour.

Molina analyzed the M/M/n queueing model by means of birth-and-death processes. Thornton C. Fry, a valuable contributor to the subject, organized the literature into a comprehensive theory. His 1928 book on congestion theory became the classic text on the subject. [“Application of the theory of probability to telephone trunking problems,” E. C. Molina, Bell Systems Technical Journal, 6, 1927, 461–494; Probability and its Engineering Uses, T. C. Fry, Van Nostrand, New York, 1928; Introduction to Congestion Theory in Telephone Systems, R.

Nemhauser, H. G. Rinnooy Kan, M. J. Todd, editors, North-Holland, New York, 1989] 1931 Chapman–Kolmogorov equations Prior to 1930, random processes studied in probability theory generally used a discrete time parameter. This changed with the publication of the “Analytical Methods” paper of Andrei N. Kolmogorov (1931) on continuous-time random processes. Together, their results laid the foundation of continuous-time Markov processes. Consider a Markov process with continuous time parameter and a countable number of states.

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