Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460 by Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti

By Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti

In the course of Albania's transition from a centralized financial system to at least one anchored in a physique of Western legislation, deep social unrest, frequent poverty, out of control migration, and the reemergence of clan-based loyalties have ended in a rise within the so much susceptible inhabitants teams. those teams usually tend to be marginalized by means of the commercial cycle, therefore making it tougher to make sure asuccessful transition. One function of the learn is to spot key rising social matters and difficulties in Albania and ascertain their explanations. besides the fact that, the most function of this file is to suggest a brief- to medium-term motion technique to consultant and attach social coverage and information projects distinctive to the susceptible teams in components the place they're so much various, via a bottom-up technique.

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Ultimately, in a transition state, programs cannot be well defined and their outcomes cannot be predicted. Transition and change, as used in this report, entail several elements: Transition and change are analytical and not deterministic categories. They are introduced for the purpose of analyzing current institutional and social conditions in Albania rather than depicting a predetermined scenario for the future. These two concepts are juxtaposed to help illuminate the fundamental shifts underway in Albanian society Transition and change are relative rather than absolute categories that aid in examining Albania not just as an isolated case, but in relation to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the European Union (EU).

The study also found that: The main criteria for NE in the districts are the number of household members, the proportion of children and elderly, and unemployment, while assets and remittances are considered to a lesser extent. Residence as of December 1995 also determines eligibility for NE. The many migrant families who moved to Tirana or to the coastal peri-urban areas after that date are ineligible; even if they include youth at risk of abandoning school and of engaging in criminal behavior.

This entails moving Albanian society incrementally away from the prevailing social norm of familism, or besa, which is stronger in the mountains but exists everywhere. Within the framework of besa, economic, social, and political relations are family centered and family exclusive. Trust exists only among members of the same social group, who share values that strengthen the cohesion of the group. Their actions aim at defending and expanding group resources at the expense of other individuals and groups.

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